JAMA Network Open
Evaluation of Adiposity and Cognitive Function in Adults
In this cross-sectional analysis of 9189 adults between 30 and 75 years of age who were free of cardiovascular disease from the Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds (CAHHM) and the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiological–Mind (PURE-MIND) cohort studies, higher body fat percentage and visceral adipose tissue were associated with more cardiovascular risk factors, vascular brain injuries, and lower cognitive scores.
SSM - Population Health
Bonding social capital and health within four First Nations communities in Canada: A cross-sectional study
To date, research on social capital in Indigenous contexts has been scarce. In this quantitative study, our objectives were to (1): Describe bonding social capital within four distinct First Nations communities in Canada, and (2) Explore the associations between bonding social capital and self-rated health in these communities.
BMD Medical Ethics
The Impact Of Reporting Magnetic Resonance Imaging Incidental Findings In The Canadian Alliance For Healthy Hearts And Minds Cohort
In the Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds (CAHHM) cohort, participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain, heart, and abdomen, that generated incidental findings (IFs). The approach to managing these unexpected results remain a complex issue. Our objectives were to describe the CAHHM policy for the management of IFs, to understand the impact of disclosing IFs to healthy research participants, and to reflect on the ethical obligations of researchers in future MRI studies.
Effect of Cognitive Reserve on the Association of Vascular Brain Injury With Cognition: Analysis of the PURE and CAHHM Studies
To determine whether cognitive reserve attenuates the association of vascular brain injury with cognition.
Entsisewata’karí:teke (You Will Be Healthy Again): Clinical Outcomes of Returning to a Traditional Haudenosaunee Diet
Haudenosaunee Peoples of eastern North America have a strong agricultural tradition and culture associated with maize horticulture. Traditional foodways and diet were disrupted after the people were dispossessed from traditional lands maintained prior to colonization. As a result, Haudenosaunee have been disconnected from their traditional diet and lifestyle, and chronic diseases such as diabetes and obesity are increasing. Healthy Roots was developed in Six Nations of the Grand River territory by Haudenosaunee community members. It started as a 90-day challenge, in which participants adhere to a diet of traditional foods found in Haudenosaunee territories pre-European contact.
THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM
Diabetes, Brain Infarcts, Cognition, And Small Vessels In The Canadian Alliance For Healthy Hearts And Minds Study
Diabetes is a risk factor for cerebrovascular disease and cognitive impairment. The anatomical basis for this is uncertain.
EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL. CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING
Cardiovascular risk scoring and magnetic resonance imaging detected subclinical cerebrovascular disease
Cardiovascular risk factors are used for risk stratification in primary prevention. We sought to determine if simple cardiac risk scores are associated with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-detected subclinical cerebrovascular disease including carotid wall volume (CWV), carotid intraplaque haemorrhage (IPH), and silent brain infarction (SBI).
THE LANCET. PLANETARY HEALTH
Explaining The Variability In Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among First Nations Communities In Canada: A Population-Based Study
Historical, colonial, and racist policies continue to influence the health of Indigenous people, and they continue to have higher rates of chronic diseases and reduced life expectancy compared with non-Indigenous people. We determined factors accounting for variations in cardiovascular risk factors among First Nations communities in Canada.
"All About Us": Indigenous Data Analysis Workshop-Capacity Building In The Canadian Alliance For Healthy Hearts And Minds First Nations Cohort
Research collaborations between non-Indigenous and Indigenous researchers primarily have been led by non-Indigenous researchers with privileged locations in university settings. Recognition of the importance of data sovereignty and control to enable Indigenous self-determination requires building data management and analysis capacities among Indigenous research partners. The Canadian Alliance for Healthy Hearts and Minds First Nations (CAHHM-FN) cohort study, a collaboration of 8 First Nations and researchers at 8 universities, convened a 3-day data management and analysis workshop.
PROGRESS IN COMMUNITY HEALTH PARTNERSHIPS
| DOI: 10.1353/CPR.2018.0006
Canadian Alliance For Healthy Hearts And Minds: First Nations Cohort Study Rationale And Design
This is the first national indigenous cohort study in which a common, in-depth protocol with a common set of objectives has been adopted by several indigenous communities across Canada.